What is Sports medicine

sports medicine

WHAT IS SPORTS MEDICINE   Sports medicine is a branch of sports science which deals with the athletes or sportsmen is preserving their health and increasing their physical performance and preventing the disease. probably every person faces many serious medical problems between the beginning and the last time of his life. But due to participating in different types of sports, he has to face more problems. These problems involve some unknown problems and special solutions have to be consulted to solve these problems. This is the reason that the areas used to treat injuries during play are referred to as sports medicine.

Sports medicine brings together several science branches, which provide knowledge of maintaining the player’s health, dietary table according to sports nature, prevention of sports injuries, re-establishment of sports injuries, and substance abuse. It is that part of medicine, which helps to maintain a healthy body and to protect against physical injuries caused by light and fast movements.

Medical science has a special role in physical education and sports, because, in sports, the process of player selection, nutrition, training methods, physical health, prevention and treatment of injuries, use of new techniques, use of new equipment, testing of players, this science has a lot of importance in the player’s psychological condition, etc. Due to the above factors, there is a special effect in the game performance of the player, and the relevant experts are required to use these factors properly and successfully and only the effect of the combined effort of the experts related to these factors can lead to a higher peak of the player’s performance.

The foundation of the International Sports Medicine Organization was laid in 1928. This institution has tried to fulfill its full duties responsibly. A quarterly magazine is released by this organization for the promotion of the subject. Apart from this, conferences related to the world congress of sports medicine and physical capacity are held every two years. The International Sports Medical Organization has been named as FIMS.

what is sports medicine
what is sports medicine?

In 1970, the Official International Education Course of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness Course was organized under the leadership of the International Federation of Sports Medicine at a place called Athens and Olympia. Within which 23 countries including India sent their representatives. The conference was organized with the intention that the representatives of the various participating countries are well informed and that they can be traditional in the field of sports medicine. In the conference, it was decided that the Olympic Association and Medical Association of each country have one representative and a doctor will be sent and the International Federation of Sports Medicine {FIMS} will organize the event every two years.

Solving the medical problems of various players, preventing individuals from aging quickly and trying to prevent diseases in old age, understanding the effect of exercise on other important parts of the body, researching the players’ work capacity.

A sports practitioner has to perform some tasks that are slightly different from those of a general practitioner, in which he can quickly recover the injuries inflicted on the players during play and take them back to the field to play again.

It is the responsibility of the sports doctor to treat injuries caused during sports, to provide resistance medicines.

IMPORTANCE OF SPORTS MEDICINE

The players, sports coaches, and coaches have a very important contribution towards accomplishing the objectives of sports medicine goals. Sports medicine is especially related to the problems of those human beings, who are involved in intensive sports activities. During sports, sports physician is highly required for the treatment of sports injuries, due to which we use physical knowledge of sports science and sports medicine. Therefore, it is necessary to have a doctor during play.

IMPORTANCE OF SPORTS MEDICINE IN THE SELECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF TALENTED SPORTSMEN: –

In the field of sports and physical education, the identification of talented sportspersons is done by evaluating various physical and executive abilities. And depending on the physical parameters, different sports are selected. In this process of selection and identification, sports medicine and coach are important persons.

MAJORITY OF SPORTS MEDICINE IN PREPARING BALANCED DIET FOR THE PLAYERS:

Sports Medicine provides a special contribution in preparing a balanced diet for the player. Different sports require different energy requirements according to the game and players of different ages, and their practice varies, sports practitioners need to keep the following factors in mind when building a balanced diet, otherwise, Diet can also have an adverse effect on a player’s performance, which may affect his or her sports performance.

IMPORTANCE OF SPORTS MEDICINE IN ACHIEVING FULL EFFICIENCY: –

Through the use of sports medicine, the total efficiency of the player is measured using various tools, methods, and instruments. Under this, work efficiency, physical efficiency, and psychological efficiency are tested, etc. Internal efficiency is tested such as lactic acid, blood pressure, heart rate, blood sugar, and hemoglobin, etc.

IMPORTANCE IN THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION OF SPORTS INJURIES: –

The sports medical practitioner is responsible for sports injuries caused by various medical methods and methods of sports medicine. These are different methods and techniques in sports medicine like massage, icings, infrared rays, contrast bath, Sonna bath, etc. These methods are used to treat pre or post-injury injuries during the game and various light exercises etc. are used to slowly bring the player back to the former position.

USE OF SPORTS MEDICINE REGULAR TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE LEVEL OF THE PLAYERS: –

Through sports medicine, the performance of the player during various games is tested. Errors in a player’s performance are detected by various testing and measurement methods whether the player’s performance is permanent or the player’s performance is expected to improve further. Various sports skills are tested for this. The condition of fatigue is measured. A player’s training is increased by decreasing or increasing the compensation period. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate and test the performance of the player.

PREPARATION OF TRAINING PROGRAMS WITH THE HELP OF SPORTS MEDICINE:

Sports medical science contributes to the preparation of training programs for players. During the practice of play, both the fresher and trained players take training with the trainer. These training programs are designed keeping in mind their physical ability, age, weight, height.

IN THE SCIENTIFIC ADVANCEMENT OF SPORTS AND GAMES:

The training methods in different sports are different because the functional abilities of the players participating in the games are varied and training programs are prepared based on them. Due to differences in the individual abilities of the players, training programs are also prepared on the basis of age, gender, capability, etc. and the selection and training of the players are evaluated through sports medicine.

IMPORTANCE IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE:

Under primary health care, a player’s plan is prepared on the basis of various points. It includes the functional assessment of the player, checking of the disease, maintaining physical and functional skills, and health-related aspects of the game.

AIMS OF SPORTS MEDICINE

  • Providing a means or remedy for the rehabilitation of injuries to the athlete and for compensation.
  • Informing athletes about injuries, which mainly occur during play.
  • Prevention of injury and its treatment.
  • Helping enhance athletic performance.
  • Making the player aware of the troubles caused by improper warming sub, incorrect training, and improper fitness.
injury rehablitation
injury rehabilitation

To make the players aware of the measures for the prevention of injuries which we can divide into four stages: –

  • The players do not have complete knowledge about the injuries suffered during the course of the game and there is a variation in the nature of the injury in all the sports. Therefore, in the game where the player is training, the player should be informed about the possible injuries in the game by the sports doctor in the past, so that the player can avoid getting hurt during the game. For this, the players’ abilities, mental state, and psychological factors should be tested and the information received from it should be given to the player in advance so that he can perform well without getting hurt.
  • It is a fact that there is some reason for the injury to the player, for which it is appropriate to make the player aware of the possible cause of the injuries caused by the player’s body, medical factors, psychological and other factors. , So that he could protect himself from injury during the competition. It is mostly seen that the main causes of injuries are insufficient warming sub, inadequate physical ability, lack of sportsmanship technique, and psychological aspects.
  • To avoid getting hurt, players must use various defensive and protective tools and equipment to protect themselves from the possible short periods of the game.
  • When a player is injured during sports or competition, the player or trainee should immediately inform the concerned sports psychologist after first aid, so that the treatment and rehabilitation of the injury can be taken quickly. Commonly used in various therapeutic methods for rehabilitation such as electrotherapy, massage, hydrotherapy, icing, infrared rays, etc.

The concept of sports medicine has been accepted all over the world level countries including India. Sports science is related not only to the medicines in developed countries like India but also to high-performance sports medicine. It has extended its scope and area in a great measure. Stress and strain are created in sportsperson due to physical, psychological, emotional, and functional reasons and they affect the performance 0f the athletes adversely. This is the reason why every athlete has to seek the help of sports medicine in order to excel in sports. Only because of this, various social agencies athletes trainers, administrator’s parents, institutions are helping in the growth and evolution of sports medicine.

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3 thoughts on “What is Sports medicine”

  1. Deeksha Bhadoriya

    Sports medicine focuses on helping people improve their athletic performance, recover from injury and prevent future injuries. very important topic well explained. Good going 👍

  2. It’s a important topic for all sports and athletics person and every should gain this knowledge who are in this fields. Good luck 👍

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